At Newburgh C.E. School, phonics is taught on a daily basis from Nursery to Year 2, however it may continue to be taught across school to ensure that all children receive a good understanding of phonics to support their reading. Children will learn different phonemes (sounds) and graphemes (letters), to enable them to segment and blend words for reading.
At Newburgh we follow the 'Letters and Sounds' teaching approach which has six phases:
Children start this phase as they enter into Nursery. Phase 1 falls largely within the Communication, Language and Literacy area of the Early Years Foundation Stage. It supports children in their ability to listen attentively, enlarge their vocabulary,speak confidently and discriminate phonemes. Phase 1 is arranged into seven aspects which focus on, general sound discrimination, environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body percussion, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral blending and segmenting.
Children start Phase 2 as they enter Reception. The purpose of this phase is to teach 19 letters and move children on from oral blending and segmentation to blending and segmentation with letters. By the end of this phase children should be able to read some C.V.C (consonant, vowel, consonant) words and to spell them using magnetic letters or by writing the letters they need to make words. During this phase children will be introduced to some "tricky" words which must be learned as sight vocabulary.
Letter progression (one set per week)
Set 1: s a t p
Set 2: i n m d
Set 3: g o c k
Set 4: ck e u r
Set 5: h b f, ff l,ll ss
Children entering Phase 3 will know around 19 letters and will be able to blend phonemes to read C.V.C words and segment C.V.C words to spell. The purpose of this phase is to teach another 25 graphemes, most of them comprising of two letters (e.g. oa), and some comprising of three letters (e.g. igh). The aim here is that children will be able to represent 42 phonemes (sounds) by a grapheme (written letter/combination of letters). In this phase children will learn letter names and will be introduced to more tricky words.
Graphemes Sample words Grapheme Sample words
ch chip ar farm
sh shop or for
th thin/then ur hurt
ng ring ow cow
ai rain oi coin
ee feet ear dear
igh night air fair
oa boat ure sure
oo boot/look er corner
Children entering Phase 4 will be able to represent each of the 42 phonemes by a grapheme, and will be able to blend and segment C.V.C words. They will know letter names and will be able to read and spell some tricky words. The pupose of this phase is to consolidate children's knowledge of language and word patterns.
This phase is taught throughout Year 1. In this phase, children broaden their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use in reading and spelling. They also learn new graphemes they already know. Children will become quicker at recognising high frequency and tricky words and will read and spell these correctly.
New graphemes for reading:
ay day oy boy wh when a-e make
ou out ir girl ph photo e-e these
ie tie ue blue ew new i-e like
ea eat aw saw oe toe o-e home
au Paul u-e rule
This phase is taught throughout Year 2. By the beginning of Phase 6 children should know most of the grapheme/phoneme correspondence and should be able to read hundreds of words through three approaches:
- Reading words automatically.
- Decoding words quickly and silently because their blending and segmenting routine is now well established.
- Decoding them aloud.
Phonics Screening Check
Each year, children in Year 1 will take a Phonics Screening Test to assess their phonic knowledge. This takes place in school during the month of June. Children who do not achieve the required standard in the test will be re-assessed again at the same time in Year 2.